Thank you for visiting my page. It is my pleasure to welcome you to this page as an easy access to my articles, lectures, books and all academic works that I have developed as a scholar. This page is provided for students, academics, bureaucrats, journalists, politicians, and any guests who are interested to my works and activities. I am a lecturer and researcher at the Department of Public Policy and Management, or formerly Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Gadjah Mada Unive...[detail]
Politics of Public Budgeting in Indonesia: A Quest for Transparency and Accountability, Murdoch-UGM Joint Seminar, Jogja
13 Februari 2018
For an intensive joint workshop on Asian political development conducted by Murdoch university and Gadjah Mada university, I presented an Indonesian case of public budgeting. Democracy has opened up the way Indonesian government carries out activities, including those related to the use of financial resources within the government. The budget itemizing has been improved in the last two decades and many elements of legislatures and government authorities are currently involved in budgeting process, and it applies both for preparing the national budget (APBN) or sub-national budgets (APBD). New concepts of values for money, performance-based budgeting, accrual-based government accounting, and more universal standards for public budgeting are put in place. Indonesian position on budget transparency is at the upper-middle rank among Asian countries.
Nevertheless, such newly introduced systems have not been able to stop political corruptions, leakages, and malfeasance in Indonesian public budget. Cases that are recently brought to the court even indicate that political corruptions, involving legislatures, governors, and heads of districts, are still rampant.
I would argue that the issue in Indonesia is rather unique because transparency is not the main factor for creating good governance in public budgeting. Transparency has to be supported by a stronger public engagement to enhance accountability in public budgeting. And what is meant by accountability should be extended beyond the accounting and procedural mechanisms, to ensure that all financial resources should result in better services and quality of life for all citizens.
Legitimacy and Compliance
17 November 2017
After the Midterm exam, the topic on legitimacy and compliance is still relevant to discuss. Academic literatures on power and authorities usually talk about sources of power that any individual can have. The main moral justice for anybody who hold the power is that it has to be controlled, and/or to be used for the betterment of all. Hence, the concept of legitimacy is actually derived from the importance of responsibility and accountability. Any use of power is legitimate as long as it is followed by a good will to deliver or to give to others. The more technical discussions about authorities, a legal form of power, is also related to compliance, i.e. how every individuals who hold authorities should comply with public values of accountability.
Lecture #1, What is accountability and why is it imperative?
Asymmetric Decentralization: Indonesian Experience, LOGIN and Kemitraan, Sari Pan Pacific hotel, June 7th 2017
09 Juni 2017
I was invited by the LOGIN (Local Governance Initiative and Network) to talk about lesson learned from Indonesian experience on taking the asymmetric decentralization policy. The workshop involves experts and government officials from mostly South Asian countries, i.e. Nepal, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. I essentially explained that Indonesian experience is not unique. Many countries have used the asymmetric scheme, such as Germany in Bavaria, Spain in Catalonia, and UK in Ireland. In Asia, we have Thailand in Pattani, the Philippines in Mindanao, and Indonesia in three provinces: Aceh, Papua, and Jogja. The striking similarity among the cases is that the impetus of asymmetric decentralization policy has been political while the evaluating the policy from the economic aspect (whether the policy has resulted in equal prosperity) is still lacking.
"Decentralization and Local Governance, Indonesian Experience". IPD Roundtable Discussion, Denpasar, Bali.
23 Mei 2017
A friendly yet fruitful discussion involving experts and researchers was conducted by the IPD (Institute for Peace and Democracy). The discussion was meant for gathering updated information about Indonesia and the CLMV (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam) countries. I presented some notes about the Indonesian experience on implementing decentralization policy. Much has been achieved by decentralization, and at least the policy has been able to prevent a nation break-up, a fear of Balkanization that was argued by many policy makers in Indonesia. Nevertheless, in terms of the ultimate goals of decentralization, Vietnam experience in linking the policy with the improvement of local business climate seemed to be much better. At any rate, there is a lot of opportunities for experts in Indonesia and CLMV countries to discuss current issues in local governance and to learn from each other.